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Full text of "Flora Indica Vol-I"

FLORA INDICA.                                          195

divided lo the base into three or five divergent, almost acicular teeth. The ovule is
inserted considerably bdow the middle of the ventral suture, and the chalazal end is
rounded, while the upper end is elongated and gradually narrowed towards the apex.
The inflorescence is also often different from that of the other tribes, but it is pecu-
liar in each genus, and iu Cissampelos the male cymes are very like those of Peri-
The leaves are generally, but not always, peltate.

10. STEPHANIA, Lour.
Clypea, Bfttme ; Stephania, Clynea, et Ileocarpus, Miers.
MAS. Sepala 6-10, biserialia, ovalia vel obovata. JPeiala 3-5, obo-
vata, carnosa. FCEM. Sepda 3-5. Pefala totidem, carnosa. Drupa
solitaria ; putamen couipressum, Irigpocrepiforme, dorso tuberculatum,
ad latera utrinque cxcavatum ct foramine circular! perforatum.  Fru-
tices scandentes, foliis plermnqiie peltatis, inflorescentia axillari umbel-
lata.
Asa Gray has pointed out the inconstancy of the character derived from the num-
ber of parts in each verticil of the flower, and has accordingly reduced Mr. M5ers*
genus Cfypea, which is not marked by any striking characters of vegetation or in-
iloreseericc. As Hiey now stand, the genera of Cissampelidces are all very distinct in
inflorescence ; hut in several species the floral characters, of the female especially, are
still imporfivt ly known.
In Sftyft'iuw AttttHtftt a piece of stem, six to eight years old, is about half au inch
iu diameter, of a, spongy consistence, with much cellular tissue. Jfifk of large, loose,
elongated uU'ifles. Medullary rays and bark the same; nil full of starch-granules.
JSpidannis snitiatu, covered with longitudinal rimic of tumid cells, with projecting
lips, #^0r/-zm///t twelve, cuneate, with broatl medullary rayss formed of punctate
plcnrcuchyma, aiul large vessels whose walls arc covered with very narrow, oblique,
transversely elongated discs, each with a mcsiul dark lino. JMer a very narrow ar-
cuate line of plcnrenehyma opposite each wood-bundle, imil sometimes confluent into
a narrow zone, of liber; it does not increase nflcr OH; first year. Bark tolerably
broad, cellular, with soattc-red numes of aolcrogc:n cells ; circumlorenco of many layers
of radially com pressed cells, It is thus almost identical iu structure with Tinospora.
In *S\ efy/fauf tho base of a portion of stem of great, length, but not many ,ycars
old, and onc-fomih of on inch iu dinmete**, is moderately woody, seveu-angled ; an-
gles opposite us many wedges of wood of ordinary meniapennous tissue. Pith nar-
row, of loose ht^ngonal cellular tissue, fifadullary rays very large, as broad as tho
wood-wedges.
Among I)r. IIookr* Rikkim Jlfrnupermttceat tlicrft is a spccimem in young fruit
which seems to constitute an utidcscribed species of this genus. The leaves arc
broad ovate, acnminat*), cordate at base, not peltate, thin, pale below, palmately
seven-nerved, glabrous, except the nerves, which arc slightly adpressed-hairy be-
neath. They are 5 inches long, 44 broad, and the slender petioles arc 3 inches in
length. The female inflorescence is umbellate on a long peduncle, with subulate
braetd. The young fruits are subseasile, in heads, at the apex of thick fleshy rays,
jf inch long, There is in the Hookerinn Herbarium a very similar specimen, without
flower or fruit, from Oarhwal, collected by Mqjor Madden, in which the leaves are
pubescent underneath.
1. 8. eleganft (H.f. ct T.) ; foliis elougato-<leltoideis acuminatis basi
truncatis vel cx>wlati$ tenuStet coriaceis glaberrimis, umbellis longe pe-'
dunculntis, umbellulis laxifloris.
HAB. Khasia ! Assam I Sikkim 1 Kumaon, Str. et JPtnt. f a planitie
ad alt* 0-7000 ped.I- (Pi. per totum 89t.) (t>. .)